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Table of Contents

  • Use password_hash() and password_verify() function.
  • Introduction
  • Configuration
  • Basic Usage
  • Hashing Passwords
  • Verifying That A Password Matches A Hash
  • Determining If A Password Needs To Be Rehashed
  • What is the PHP method we use to hash passwords?
  • How is a password hashed?
  • What is a hash in PHP?
  • Is PHP password hash secure?

Use password_hash() and password_verify() function.

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In this tutorial, you will learn how to save the password and verify the saved password using PHP and MySQL. At the beginning of the software applications, developers saved the password as plain text in the database table. When the database is hacked by hackers, they are able to view the…

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Hashing

  • Introduction
  • Configuration
  • Basic Usage
    • Hashing Passwords
    • Verifying That A Password Matches A Hash
    • Determining If A Password Needs To Be Rehashed

Introduction

The Laravel Hash facade provides secure Bcrypt and Argon2 hashing for storing user passwords. If you are using one of the Laravel application starter kits, Bcrypt will be used for registration and authentication by default.

Bcrypt is a great choice for hashing passwords because its "work factor" is adjustable, which means that the time it takes to generate a hash can be increased as hardware power increases. When hashing passwords, slow is good. The longer an algorithm takes to hash a password, the longer it takes malicious users to generate "rainbow tables" of all possible string hash values that may be used in brute force attacks against applications.

Configuration

The default hashing driver for your application is configured in your application's config/hashing.php configuration file. There are currently several supported drivers: Bcrypt and Argon2 (Argon2i and Argon2id variants).

Basic Usage

Hashing Passwords

You may hash a password by calling the make method on the Hash facade:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Hash;

class PasswordController extends Controller

{

/**

* Update the password for the user.

*

* @param \Illuminate\Http\Request $request

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function update(Request $request)

{

// Validate the new password length...

$request->user()->fill([

'password' => Hash::make($request->newPassword)

])->save();

}

}

Adjusting The Bcrypt Work Factor

If you are using the Bcrypt algorithm, the make method allows you to manage the work factor of the algorithm using the rounds option; however, the default work factor managed by Laravel is acceptable for most applications:

$hashed = Hash::make('password', [

'rounds' => 12,

]);

Adjusting The Argon2 Work Factor

If you are using the Argon2 algorithm, the make method allows you to manage the work factor of the algorithm using the memory, time, and threads options; however, the default values managed by Laravel are acceptable for most applications:

$hashed = Hash::make('password', [

'memory' => 1024,

'time' => 2,

'threads' => 2,

]);

Note
For more information on these options, please refer to the official PHP documentation regarding Argon hashing.

Verifying That A Password Matches A Hash

The check method provided by the Hash facade allows you to verify that a given plain-text string corresponds to a given hash:

if (Hash::check('plain-text', $hashedPassword)) {

// The passwords match...

}

Determining If A Password Needs To Be Rehashed

The needsRehash method provided by the Hash facade allows you to determine if the work factor used by the hasher has changed since the password was hashed. Some applications choose to perform this check during the application's authentication process:

if (Hash::needsRehash($hashed)) {

$hashed = Hash::make('plain-text');

}

What is the PHP method we use to hash passwords?

password_hash() creates a new password hash using a strong one-way hashing algorithm. The following algorithms are currently supported: PASSWORD_DEFAULT - Use the bcrypt algorithm (default as of PHP 5.5. 0).

How is a password hashed?

Hashing turns your password (or any other piece of data) into a short string of letters and/or numbers using an encryption algorithm. If a website is hacked, cyber criminals don't get access to your password. Instead, they just get access to the encrypted “hash” created by your password.

What is a hash in PHP?

Hashing function in PHP is a special method pre-defined and used for indicating a string in the form of a definite value measured from the string's characters. It is popular for its application as an encryption algorithm and as an index value representation for items in the database.

Is PHP password hash secure?

PHP provides a native password hashing API that safely handles both hashing and verifying passwords in a secure manner. Another option is the crypt() function, which supports several hashing algorithms.